Significantly driven downward by the low literacy rates of elderly people in India. The literacy rate of year olds in India is greater than 90 percent. Actually, it does. It mostly took a hands off approach. The first schools to get public financial support were exclusively Anglican ones. This caused a bit of upset amongst the other denominations in Australia, where Anglican schools were established by the locals in with Anglican vicars in the s.
Non-denominational truly publicly funded schools, called national schools were begun in the s — far earlier than England. The first colony to withdraw government funding to denominational schools was South Australia in In each of the Australian colonies, usually in the s, there were education acts passed locally that established public school systems. The Act that came closest to establishing all three of these conditions at the same time was the Victorian Education Act of In other colonies and states the conditions that came to be seen as defining Australian systems of public education began as early as and concluded as late as This was the same in Canada, New Zealand, and other colonies.
Where schools were started it was either organised by the locals or requirements for endowments attached to charters, where they existed.
The Right Side of History—A Review
In , the imperial Parliament formally recognised their independence with the Colonial Clergy Act. The first schools opened were CoE, and by Indian missionaries were being trained in Calcutta. Anglican schools were valued by the Indian elite. Universal education was established in Scotland by Scots far earlier. Until the creation of the welfare state, Parliament was notoriously skint. It was looking to earn. For much of their history UK colonies were not centrally managed by Whitehall. Until the telegraph the limitations of communications ensured that. And how thorough an instruction could be sent in ten words?
People in the colonies were expected to be far more self reliant and take initiative. The micromanaging, second guessing, and near instant information overload common today has altered our understanding of how it was really for much of history. In other words, Britain spent 18 times as much money per capita on education in other colonies than it did in India.
Again, this is because its officials explicitly stated that they only wished to educate a small class of Indians, so as not to disrupt the colonial system. Further to the above comment, as late as spending on education accounted for only 0. After independence, in , spending on education was increased to 1. The fact of the matter is that the British Empire never had a real nterest in educating the vast bulk of the Indian population — though gestures and largely symbolic moves were sometimes made.
They wanted to educate a small class of Indians; mass education would have undermined colonial rule.
Parliament had little interest in spending money unless it was an emergency. Public education throughout the colonies was a mostly a local concern to be organised and funded. Worth remembering that the English are also a colonised people.
And the dynasty that colonised them was more or less intact 6 or 7 hundred years later when they turned their gaze to more exotic prizes. An historically enduring and impressive crime syndicate. Much reduced now but by no means a spent force. To non- Christian and classical Chinese. Not much heart based or inspired reason to be found in anything that Ben Shapiro says or promotes. Quite the opposite in fact. Fickle Pickle, Good job squeezing the Trump mention in there. But no Hitler?
No Holocaust? You are capable of so much better. And if you throw in the Holocaust, that is the trump card see what I did there? Shapiro comes across as someone who is demonstrating the role of consciousness in the spinning of yarns to justify himself. His core is built on identification with Judaism, and the rest of him is a frantic intellectual exercise in justification. He seems to have written a whole book by riding that wave. Christianity was unique in its universal call for charity, self-sacrifice, and love for your enemies.
The Right Side of History—A Review
These were values not found in Hinduism or Taosim. Judaism encourages charity, but gentiles are only expected to follow Noachide laws. The idea of inherent human dignity, found in socialism, utilitarainism, liberalism etc. Science tells us nothing about morality. For science to be possible, you also need to assume objective truth in a world run according to understandable laws, one from Christianity. When Europe was pagan, temple prostition, polygamy, lack of compassion for the poor, and murder of disabled infants were common. Christianity gave us western civilization.
You got it. Mankind is imperfect and mankind ran the Church. A nun once posed this to me. Two men are together, one must live and one must die. There is no religion, no afterlife, no forgiveness, etc. Using reason alone, how do you decide to act.
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In order to use reason, you must use assumptions. There is no guarantee that each will use the same assumptions nor reach the same conclusion. One may say I want to increase my wealth for my heirs and the other I need to provide for my young family. Who is to say what is good and which is not?
This is morality based not on reason, but a faith in God. It defines a constant way of acting. I agree completely.
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All anyone has to do is to drive across all the nations founded historically on Christian beliefs. The oldest and generally largest structure in every village, town and city in the West are Christian churches. The churches were the meeting places of the communities where they worshipped Christ and made plans for a better future. The founders of modern science were virtually all Christian. The advent of the hospital and the university are directly due to Christian evangelism; to love your neighbour as yourself and to love the Lord your God with all your mind.
Even leading German Sociologist and Historian Jurgen Habermas who calls himself a methodological atheist, credits Christianity with the rise and development of the West. Universalistic egalitarianism, from which sprang the ideals of freedom and a collective life in solidarity, the autonomous conduct of life and emancipation, the individual morality of conscience, human rights and democracy, is the direct legacy of the Judaic ethic of justice and the Christian ethic of love. This legacy, substantially unchanged, has been the object of a continual critical reappropriation and reinterpretation.
Up to this very day there is no alternative to it. Christianity, and nothing else, is the ultimate foundation of liberty, conscience, human rights, and democracy, the benchmarks of Western civilization. To this day, we have no other options. We continue to nourish ourselves from this source. Everything else is postmodern chatter. A reminder to the article author Jared Pollen and the rest of the people of the West. Literally, charity is one of the three main pillars of Taoism. In the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata, there is a story about a half-golden mongoose who appears at a great sacrifice from the king Yuddhistira.
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The mongoose had turned half gold after witnessing a great act of kindness, where a starving family gave up what remained of its food, a handful of rice, to feed a guest. The Mahabharata also declares that the wisest man rejects duality, the difference between I and you, and recognizes that all creatures, from the lowliest rodent to the highest king, are the same and are therefore worthy of kindness and reverence.
This is even more expansive than the golden rule of Christianity, which only applies to people. There are also treatises in the Mahabharata that extol vegetarianism, because, as there is nothing a creature values more than its own life, there can be no greater sin than taking a life. Rather than just the dignity of man, we see here the dignity of all life. This is a problem with these discussions: we take the things we like about our belief system and assume that they are therefore unique.
Secondly, Roman Catholic Church as an institution would of course be fallible, open to political realities of the world and corruption. I believe in some cases Church can even act against Judeo-Christian values.
follow url And we are not even supposed to be judging Roman Catholic Church here, but how well, the moral and cultural framework it sought to instill in people worked for the West.